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About Yemen

Republic of Yemen – General Information


The Republic of Yemen is located on the southern tip of the Arabian Peninsula. It is bordered on the north by Saudi Arabia, on the south by the Arabian Sea and Gulf of Aden, on the east by the Sultanate of Oman and on the west by the Red Sea.
Official name: Republic of Yemen

Capital City: Sana’a

The Republic of Yemen is administratively divided into (20) governorates in addition to the Capital Secretariat. The governorates are divided into (333) districts which are branched into (2200) centers and moreover, (36986) villages and ( 91489) localities or neighborhoods The number of local constituencies (5620) local district (polling station).

National flag: It consists of three colors ranked from top to bottom as follows: (Red-White-Black).

The national emblem: The Emblem of Yemen is represented by a falcon, symbolizing the people’s strength, unfolding both wings on the national flag and supported by a base on which the name “The Republic of Yemen” is written with a drawing of Marib Dam and a coffee tree.

Religion and Language: Islam is the religion of the State, and Arabic is the official language.

National Currency: Riyals ( Average exchange rate is 215. Yemeni riyals per US dollar- ( June , 2013)

Universal Timing: GMT +3 hours

Electricity: 220 volts / 50 Hertz

International: country code +967

Entry / Exit:
Airports (Sana’a International  – Aden International  – Taiz  – Al Hodeidah  – Al Mukala  – Seyun)
Sea Ports (Aden  – Al Makha – Al Hodeidah  – Al Mukala  – Nashtoon )
Land Outlets (Haradh  – Albuka’a  – Elbain  – Shahin  – Serfait – Al Wadeah)

Rule system: Rule system is a ademocratic one with people as the source and owner of the power, which they practice directly through referendum and public election. People can also practice power indirectly through the legislative, executive or judicial authorities or through the elected local councils. The political system in the Republic of Yemen is based on multi-party and political.

President: The President of the Republic of Yemen is the Head of State, to be elected directly by the people in competitive elections with the participation of a number of candidates; victory requires the President to obtain the majority of votes of the electorate. And the presidential term is six years, commencing from the date takes the oath and A person is not allowed to take office than as President of the Republic for more than two terms.

Local Authority: Rules, constitutional, and legal regulations are based on the principle of financial and administrative decentralization and expanding the opportunities of participating in making policies, plans and programs.

Population: According to the final results of the general census for the year 2004, the number of population of the Republic of Yemen reached (19.685.161). The population is growing at a rate of (3.0%) per year, the male population is (10.656.919) with the percentage of 50.99% of the total. The female population is (10.244.162) with the percentage of 49.01% of the total.

Health: Development Strategy in Yemen is based on paying attention to the aspects of the provision of the necessary health services to the population, Man is the objective and purpose of development, Therefore, health is one of the areas in which the State seeks to give attention to qualitatively and despite the modest resources available to it, the number of hospitals, including rural hospitals reached (172) Hospital in 2004. The number of physicians reached (5282) ratio of doctors is 1 doctor for every (3734) persons of the population and the number of nurses (8882) nurse at a rate (1.7) per doctor during the same year.

Fertility rate : 6.2 birth/ woman

Mortality rate among infants less than a year: 77.20 infants per 1000

Infant mortality rates 37.3 deaths per 1000 live births

Average life expectancy at birth : 61.08 years

Average no. of persons per family : 7.14

Average no. of persons per dwelling: 6.9 persons

Terrain:
Coastal Plain  : It extends along the coasts of Yemen, where the mountains and hills cut through it to reach directly to the sea waters in more than one place, therefore has a number of plains:
(Tehama – Tuban- Abyan -Maifa’a Ahwar – Mahrah)

The Coastal Plain: is characterized by a hot climate throughout the year with little rainfall, ranging between 50-100 mm per year . However, it is considered as an important agricultural region, especially Tihama Plain due to the large valleys which receive rainfall from the mountains.

The Mountain Highlands :  stretches along the northern-most borders of Yemen to the southern-most point. This region  underwent many geological movements that resulted in major and minor fractures, resulting in high plateaus, mountains, or basins. The highest peak reaches 3666m in Al Nabi Shuaib. Water runs down through many valleys on the east, west and south. Some of these main valleys are Mawr, Haradh, Zabeed, Seham and Raisan valleys all of whose waters pour into the Red Sea. The valleys of Wadi Tuban, Wadi Bana and Hadramout Wadi empty into the Gulf of Aden.

The Mountainous Basins : This region has mountainous plains and basins located in the Mountain Highlands, mostly located in the eastern section of of the water division line which stretches from the farthest north to the farthest south. The main basins are Yareem, Dhamar, Abar, Sana’a , Amran and Sa’ada basins.

The Plateaus: It lies to the east and north of the Mountain Highlands and it is parallel to them. But it widens more towards the Empty Quarter and begins a gradual decline. The majority of the surface of this region is formed from rocky desert surface which is cut through by some valleys especially Hadramout and Hareeb valleys.

Desert Region: It is a sandy region almost devoid of flora except in the areas of rainfall. Height of the surface ranges between 500-1000m above sea level and it slopes toward the center of the Empty Quarter. Climate here is severe with high temperature , scarce rainfall and low humidity.

Islands: Many islands spread along the Yemen territorial waters . They have their peculiar terrain, climate and environment. Kamaran  is the largest inhabited island on the Red Sea;  Hunnish Archipelago and Meon island have a strategic location in Bab Al Mandab Strait, the southern gateway of the Red Sea. Socotra Island is considered as the largest island in this archipelago which, in addition to Socotra Island is comprised of Samhah, Darsah and Abduljori . It is characterized by multitude of its biodiversity; its plants are estimated at 680 species..

Climate: Yemen overlooks two seas, the Red Sea and the Arabian Sea. Rain falls in two seasons: the first  during the spring  (March- April) and the second in the summer (July- August). The amount of rainfall varies greatly from a place to a place. The highest amount of annual rainfall is on the southwest highlands in Ibb, Taiz, Al Dhale’a and Yareem. The amount of rainfall ranges between 600-1500m annually. The amount of rainfalls in the western coastal plain is less in Hodeidah, Mokha, despite the exposure to the monsoon. However, the average rainfall annual increases with the altitude of 50 mm on the coast to about 100 mm on the slopes of the mountains facing the Red Sea.
The same can be said about the country’s southern and eastern coasts: rainfall amounts that reach around 50mm per annual as in Aden, Al Fayoush, Al Kud and Al Rayan.

Teperature: the eastern and southern plains has such high temperature degrees that it reaches 42°m and goes down to 25°m. Temperature goes down gradually toward higher elevations because of the height factor to reach 33°m as a maximum and 20°m as a minimum. In winter the lesser temperature on the highlands reaches closer to Zero degree and in Dhamar Governorate, in the winter, the temperature -12°m was recorded in 1986.
Tourism in Yemen is a promising sector, since Yemen possesses a variety of varied tourist natural factors of history, ruins, the cultural heritage, and natural fundamentals that make it a tourist landmark. This is evidenced by the diversity of architecture, which makes it provide wonderful architectural models unparalleled in the world. Its possession of a diverse coastal strip is another evidence. There are very magnificent places for recreation and Scuba diving since this beach lies along two seas : the Arab Sea and the Red Sea . Yemen also possesses islands and archipelagos endowed with the nature dazzling features.