yemen explorer
travelling to socotra sanaa cities in yemen history of yemen

History of Yemen

State of Yemen

1st mill Emergence of city   states, Saba, Ma’in, Qataban, Hadhramawt, Awsan
3rd-4th c Judaism and   Christianity established
c. 520 Marib dam burst,   scattering Qahtan tribes over southern Arabia
525 Ethiopians occupy   Yemen; Himyarite state collapses
c.570 Birth of Prophet   Muhammad
622 Prophet’s flight to   Madina; start of Muslim hijrah calendar
630s Yemen’s conversion   to Islam begins; establishment of Islamic caliphate. Centralized rule by   ‘Umayyad (Damascus) & ‘Abbasides (Baghdad)
late 14th c Coffee-drinking   al-Shadhili arrives in Mokha from Ethiopia
1539-mid-17th c First Ottoman   occupation of Yemen
1839 British capture Aden
1904-1948 Imam Yahya expels   Ottomans, rules northern Yemen
1934 Anglo-Yemeni treaty   establishes de facto frontier between north and south
1937 Aden becomes British   colony
1948 Imam Yahya   assassinated, succeeded by son Ahmad
1962 Federal constitution   established in south
1962-1970 Republic declared,   Imamate abolished; civil war in northern Yemen; establishment of Yemen Arab   Republic (YAR)
1967 Independence in   southern Yemen; establishment of People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen (PDRY)
1990 Unification of north   and south; Establishment of Republic of Yemen
1994 Suppression of   southern uprising